As well as adhering to the following program, what else should the patient do?
The patient should strengthen himself, arm himself with patience and not give in to despair. The sick person should realize that patience in bearing calamities is the essential outcome of faith and belief in the divine will and decree. Belief in the divine will and decree is one of the six pillars of faith. He should also understand that whatever calamity has befallen him has happened with Allah's SWT knowledge and was decreed by Him fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.
Once a person understands that whatever befalls him happens with the knowledge of Allah SWT and by His decree, then he must have faith, be patient, accept it and submit to the will of Allah SWT. Once a person has faith and acceptance, then Allah SWT will guide his heart and enable him to be content, to seek reward, to be patient and to give thanks. Whoever is blessed with guidance will find peace of mind, as Allah SWT says:
No calamity befalls, but by the Leave [i.e. Decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments) of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart [to the true Faith with certainty, i.e. what has befallen him was already written for him by Allah from the Qadar (Divine Preordainments). And Allah is the All-Knower of everything. Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad); but if you turn away, then the duty of Our Messenger is only to convey (the Message) clearly. Al-Qur’an, 64:11)
One thing that will help a person to achieve that is belief in the will and decree of Allah SWT, and the belief that man has no control over his affairs in this life, rather he does not have control over even the most personal of matters, or his provision, or his lifespan, or whether he is destined to be doomed or blessed. All of that is decreed for him.
Anyone who is faced with calamity should understand that a good outcome comes with patience, and that relief will follow distress, and that with hardship comes ease.
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas said: I was behind the Prophet PBUH one day and he said to me:
O young man, I will teach you some words (of advice). Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of Allah; if you seek help, seek help of Allah. Know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, it would benefit you only with something that Allah has already decreed for you, and if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would harm you only with something that Allah has already decreed for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried. Sahih Al-Jaami 7957, Sahih Muslim, Al-Tirmidhi)
According to some reports: "Remember Allah SWT at times of ease and He will remember you at times of hardship. Understand that whatever misses you would never have befallen you, and whatever befalls you would never have missed you.
The person who has been smitten with a calamity must remember the promise of Allah SWT, that a great reward and high status will come to the one who is patient, as the Prophet PBUH said:
A man would have a high status before Allah which he cannot attain by means of good deeds; Allaah will continue to test him with things that he dislikes until He causes him to reach that status. Sahih Al-Jaami by AI-Albaani, 1625
The sick person should turn to Allah SWT and make Du'aa. This is one of the most effective means of warding off that which is disliked, and is one of the most efficacious of remedies. If all the necessary conditions are met, Du'ua is the enemy of calamity; it wards it off and remedies it, prevents it befalling, and relieves it if it has happened. Du'aa' is the weapon of the believer.
Persisting in making Du'aa' is a powerful weapon which will prevent sickness from occurring, and ward it off if it does occur. Al-Haakim narrated in his Sahih that Aishah said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
Caution is to no avail against the divine decree and Du'aa' is useful with regard to what has befallen and what has not yet befallen. Calamity may descend and be met by Du'aa', and they wrestle until the Day of Resurrection. Sahih Al-Jaami' by Al-Albaani, 2239
The Muslim should offer Du'aa' with presence of mind, not with a wandering mind such that the Du'aa' comes out weakly because it comes from a weak heart that is like a slack bow from which arrows come weakly.
In Sahih Al Bukhari it is narrated from Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah SWT said:
Any one of you will receive a response (to his Du'aa') so long as he is not hasty and says, 'I made Du'aa' but I received no response.
According to Sahih Muslim, it was said: "O Messenger of Allah, what does being hasty mean? He Said:
When one says, 'I made Du'aa' and I made Du'aa' and I received no response/ and he feels frustrated and stops making Du'aa'.
The one who raises his hands to Allah SWT in supplication should also be keen to seek what is Halal in his food, drink and clothing.
It is narrated in Sahih Muslim that Abu Huraira said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
O people, Allah is Good and only accepts that which is good. Allah enjoins upon the believers that which He enjoined upon the Messengers
as He said:
O you who believe (in the Oneness of Allah! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with. Al-Qur’an, 2:172
Then he mentioned a man who has undertaken a lengthy journey, he is dishevelled and dusty, and he stretches his hands towards the heavens saying, O Lord, O Lord, but his food is Haram, his clothing is Haram, he has been nourished with Haram so how can he receive any response?
They should also seek out the six times when Du'aa's are answered, which are:
Finally, Du'aa' should come from a heart that is humble, broken before Allah SWT, submitting to Him and beseeching with humility, whilst facing towards the Qiblah with the hands raised, and choosing appropriate words. Whoever is guided to make Du'aa will receive a response. He should also be in a state of purity.
He should start by praising and glorifying Allah SWT, then send blessings and salaams upon the Messenger of Allah, then he should address Allah SWT by His most beautiful names and sublime attributes. Then he should humbly persist in asking of Allah SWT, weeping before Him, calling upon Him in hope and fear, and thinking positively of Allah SWT, and he should do that a great deal.
It is also recommended to give in charity before making Du'aa, giving good and Halal things, from the dearest of one's wealth. If the Du'aa is offered in this manner, then it can hardly be refused, especially if one uses the Du'aa's that the Prophet PBUH said are likely to bring a response, which include the greatest Name of Allah SWT.
Extracts Compiled From:
The Jinn & Human Sickness by Dr Abu’l-Mundhir Khaleel Ibn Ibrahim Ameen